Null and void dismissal refers to a situation where an employer terminates an employment contract in a manner that violates the employee's public liberties and fundamental rights. This type of dismissal is considered illegal and can have serious consequences for both the employer and the employee.

When an employer dismisses an employee in a null and void manner, it means that the termination is void from the outset and has no legal effect. This can occur when the employer violates anti-discrimination laws, labor laws, or the terms of the employment contract. Examples of null and void dismissals include firing an employee based on their race, gender, or religion, or terminating an employee for exercising their legal rights, such as taking maternity leave or reporting workplace harassment.

Proving the nullity of a dismissal can be a challenging task for the employee. In order to do so, the employee needs to challenge the decision in court and present evidence that demonstrates the infringement on their rights. This can involve gathering documentation, witness testimonies, and other forms of evidence to support their case. However, due to the complexity of labor laws and the burden of proof on the employee, proving nullity can often be difficult.

To establish a null and void dismissal, the employee must demonstrate that their fundamental rights were violated, such as the right to equal treatment, the right to freedom of expression, or the right to a safe working environment. They must also show that the violation was directly linked to their termination. This can be done by providing evidence that the employer's actions were discriminatory, retaliatory, or in violation of specific labor laws.

Consequences of Null and Void Dismissal

If a dismissal is deemed null and void, the employer is required to reinstate the employee in their former position. This means that the employee should be treated as if they were never dismissed and should be given the same rights and benefits as they had before the termination.

In addition to reinstatement, the employee may be entitled to back pay for the period they were out of work due to the wrongful dismissal. This includes any lost wages, bonuses, or benefits that they would have received had they not been dismissed. The exact amount of back pay will depend on various factors, such as the length of unemployment and the employee's salary.

In cases where the employer fails to comply with the null and void dismissal decision, the employee can notify the court and may be entitled to additional compensation. This compensation can serve as a form of punishment for the employer's non-compliance and can help mitigate the financial burden faced by the employee as a result of the wrongful dismissal.

It is important to note that the consequences of null and void dismissal can vary depending on the jurisdiction and the specific labor laws in place. Some countries may have additional remedies or penalties for employers who engage in illegal dismissals. Therefore, it is essential for employees who believe they have been wrongfully dismissed to seek legal advice to understand their rights and options for recourse.

Employers should also be aware of the potential consequences of null and void dismissal. In addition to the financial costs associated with reinstatement and potential compensation, they may also face damage to their reputation and potential legal consequences. Employers should ensure that they have proper HR policies and procedures in place to prevent discriminatory or illegal dismissals and to handle termination in a fair and lawful manner.

Tips for Employees

If you believe you have been wrongfully dismissed and want to challenge the nullity of your termination, here are some tips to consider:

  1. Gather evidence: Collect any documentation, emails, or records that support your case. This can include performance reviews, employment contracts, or any correspondence related to the termination.
  2. Consult an employment lawyer: Seek legal advice from an experienced employment lawyer who specializes in labor law. They can guide you through the legal process, help you gather evidence, and represent you in court if necessary.
  3. File a complaint: Depending on your jurisdiction, you may need to file a complaint with a labor board or a government agency that handles workplace disputes. They can investigate your case and potentially help resolve the issue without going to court.
  4. Prepare for court: If your case proceeds to court, make sure you are well-prepared. Review your evidence, gather witness testimonies if applicable, and work closely with your lawyer to build a strong case.
  5. Consider settlement options: In some cases, employers may be willing to settle out of court to avoid the costs and potential reputational damage associated with a legal battle. Discuss settlement options with your lawyer and consider whether it is a viable solution for your situation.


Null and void dismissal is a serious matter that can have significant consequences for both employers and employees. It is essential for employees to understand their rights and options for challenging a wrongful dismissal, while employers must ensure they comply with labor laws and treat employees fairly and lawfully.

If you believe you have been wrongfully dismissed, seek legal advice from an employment lawyer who can guide you through the process and help you fight for your rights. Remember, it is important to act promptly, as there may be time limits for filing a complaint or legal action.