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Small Claims Court

How to Sue Over a HIPAA Violation

Updated January 11th 2023

6 min read

This article will explain how to sue over a HIPAA Violation in small claims court without a lawyer

How to Sue Over a HIPAA Violation

How to Sue Over a HIPAA Violation

author

Trey Salm

Author


You may notice at the doctor's office that the staff won't discuss certain healthcare details in the more public spaces of the office. That's because they are trying to avoid what's called a "HIPAA violation". Essentially, a violation can occur whenever a healthcare organization breaks one of the standards set by the 1996 U.S. Federal legislation. Many of these violations are about accessing or sharing patients’ protected health information (PHI). But violations can also include items such as not training staff or monitoring access logs. If you think this has happened to you, you may consider suing them in small claims court. This article will explain how.

Dispute can help you generate, notarize and file a case within minutes from your phone or computer.

Take Action in Small Claims

One of the most accessible legal forums is Small Claims Court where you can sue a company or individual for up to $10,000 in most states without the need for a lawyer. Small Claims Court offers you the opportunity to explain your complaint to a judge who has the power to order the other party to pay you the money that is owed.

In addition, Small Claims Court has additional benefits for the layman seeking legal action:

  • Small Claims Court Processes and procedures are generally simpler to follow than other more formal courts
  • Small Claims Court Filings are cheaper than filing in other courts
  • Lawyers are not usually allowed in Small Claims Courts.
  • The process is fast. You can usually expect a hearing within 1-2 months after your filing.

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Reasons to Sue for HIPAA Violations

You may want to consider the following reasons when considering suing over a HIPAA violation. In the past, people have sued for the following reasons:

  • Health Insurance Issues - a breakdown in the privacy of your medical records may reveal a preexisting condition that prohibits you from getting health insurance. HIPAA was designed to protect against this - particularly if you've changed or left a job.
  •  ID Theft - Your personal medical information is valuable to thieves who may want to steal your identity.
  • Financial Harm - Any financial losses due to a HIPAA violation are grounds to sue for lost wages and other financial issues. 

How to Sue (On Your Own)

It's important to note that the process can vary from state to state. But typically, suing in small claims court involves the following:

  • Write and Send a Demand Letter - Many courts ask that you send (and show proof) of a short, one-to-two-page formal request that lets the recipient know that they’ll face legal action if they don’t comply.
  • Fill Out the Court Forms - Each court has different forms required to file a case with them. Some states (such as California) have one form that covers the whole state, while others (such as Florida) have different forms depending on the location of the court. Don't forget you'll need to sign these forms and possibly have them notarized as well.
  • File the Forms with the Court - You'll need to either access their online portal or head to the courthouse directly to file your completed forms. Often, the court asks you to bring multiple copies so they can distribute the filing appropriately and they always charge some type of filing fee. The price of this fee varies ($25 - 400 depending upon the courthouse) and it can be awarded back to you if you win the case.
  • Serve the Defendant - If your case is accepted, most courthouses will ask that you "serve" the other party. This means you are notifying the defendant that a hearing is going to occur and the reason for it.
  • Attend your Hearing - After all that is said and done, you'll want to prepare for court and then attend your scheduled hearing where you'll present your case. Hopefully, the judge is empathetic toward your issue, and rules in your favor.

You may notice that even if filing in Small Claims Court is easier, it can take up a lot of your time. That's not to mention the time you may lose repeating a step or two if you accidentally do something wrong.

Whereas, if you use Dispute, you can generate a demand letter and small claims document within minutes from your phone or computer. We will connect you with the right forms from the courthouse you choose, and even file them on your behalf.

How to Sue Using Dispute

Here’s how you can file a small claim case with Dispute in a few easy steps:

1. Head to our website to access our software:

‎2. Click "Get Started" and choose the "Small Claims" service (or another if you'd like to start somewhere else).

‎3. Enter your case information including your info, the defendant's info and a summary of the issue.

‎4. Choose the courthouse where you want to file, answer their form's specific questions, and sign the document.

Now you're on your way to preparing and filing a case directly with the court from your phone or computer.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Who is the Registered Agent?

  • The Registered Agent may vary depending on who you're filing against, and where you are filing. It's best to check with the Secretary of State's database wherever the business is registered to check for this information.

Do I need a lawyer for Small Claims Court?

  • Not necessarily. One of the easier things about small claims court is that lawyers aren’t usually required. This may make the small claims process less intimidating and more affordable. But, still, the small claims process can get complicated. Consider filing through Dispute, as we simplify the small process with our software.

How much does it cost to file a Small Claims Case?

  • Court Filing Fees: The amount you will pay to file a small claims lawsuit depends on how much you are suing for and where you are suing. You can expect to pay between $30 to $400 to file the lawsuit. _If you cannot afford to pay court fees, you can ask the court to waive the fees.  ‍_Dispute charges a small fee to help generate, sign and/or file any documents on your behalf.
  • Serving Costs: Once the lawsuit is filed, you must notify the company that you have sued them. This is called "serving." Serving Costs can range from $20-100 depending on the local area.

If you have any questions about filing a small claims case against your healthcare provider or accessing Dispute's software, please reach out and contact us.

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